In the wake of Trump, the Frankfurt School and Antipositivism came back into vogue. Surprised it hasn't come up in this thread. To Wikipedia!
Antipositivists hold that researchers need to be, first, aware that our concepts, ideas, and language shape how we think about the social world.
I'm not an expert, have only done surface level reading on the topics, but I think its a worthwhile line of inquiry based on the articles that kicked off this thread.
There's a great book, Grand Hotel Abyss, that I'd recommend. A little dry, heavier on the history of the Frankfurt School than the philosophy, but a good primer for sure. The early core of the school applied Marx & Freud to the question, "how exactly did the Nazi's happen?"
Again, not an expert - just an armchair philosopher, go easy on me if I said something that reveals me as a total dilettante.
[edited for typos]